Juvenile life sentences in Wisconsin are legal because such sentences are not mandated by statute and because the state provides parole hearings to inmates serving such sentences, the state says in a document filed in Federal Court.
Assistant State Attorneys General Karla Keckhaver and Lisa E. Kumfer ask U.S. District Judge James D. Peterson to dismiss an ACLU lawsuit challenging juvenile life sentences. As an alternative, they say, Peterson should delay the suit until after the U.S. Supreme Court hears Mathena v. Malvo, a case also involving juvenile life sentences. That outcome of that case, the state argues, "may entirely foreclose" the ACLU's allegations.
The ACLU brought its class-action lawsuit in April on behalf of prison inmates sentenced to life in prison for crimes they committed as juveniles. It seeks to reform the state's parole process and provide qualified juvenile lifers a meaningful chance at walking out the prison gates.
The suit alleges that the state consistently denies "release on parole to juvenile lifers who demonstrate unmistakable maturity, rehabilitation and reform, and a low risk to public safety," violations of the Eighth Amendment's prohibitions against cruel and unusual punishment and of the 14th Amendment's guarantee of due process.
The suit also alleges the state violates the juveniles Sixth Amendment right to a jury trial because juries are not making key findings in juvenile lifer cases.
The state, however, says the suit is barred by a U.S. Supreme Court ruling barring civil rights suits that challenge the validity of a defendant's conviction or the length of sentence.
The state also disputes the suit's contention that the state does not provide juvenile lifers "with a realistic and meaningful opportunity for release" once the inmates show they have matured and are rehabilitated.
The state argues that Wisconsin juvenile lifers are provided parole hearings and U.S. Supreme Court rulings that juvenile life sentences violate the Eighth Amendment are limited to instances where juveniles are sentenced to life without the possibility of parole.
The state does not, however, say whether the hearings have actually led to any juvenile lifers getting parole.
Keckhaver and Kumfer argue the law does not require juvenile offenders to be released as soon as they are mature and rehabilitated, the state says.
"Proportionality works both ways," Keckhaver and Kumfer contend in the brief. "The punishment may not be disproportionately severe, but neither is the state required to release an offender before he or she has served a sentence proportionate to the gravity of the offense and the culpability of the offender."
Constitutional protections enjoyed by criminal defendants do not apply to the parole hearings process, they say.
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